John Quincy Adams was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, in 1735. His father was the second president of the United States of America John Adams. In 1787, as his father did, John Quincy Adams graduated from Harvard University and became a lawyer in Boston. In 1803 he was elected senator from Massachesetts. He served as Minister to the Netherlands and then Russia. Adams helped negotiate the treaty to end the War of 1812. Adams then became President James Madison's Secretary of State. He later negotiated the treaty with Canada that placed the border west of the Great Lakes at the 49th parallel. Also negotiated with Spain to obtain a treaty that returned Florida to the United States of America. Adams also contributed to the Monroe Doctrine which ended the European colonization of the Americas.
In 1824 John Quincy Adams became the sixth President of the United States of America. John Calhoun served as his Vice-President. Adams' political party was "National Republican." Adams' term included prosperity and road and canal building (including the Erie Canal, which connected New York City and the Great Lakes). Adams lost the next presidential election to Andrew Jackson. Adams then served in the House of Representatives until his death in 1848.